Plasma and Fusion Research

Volume 16, 2402034 (2021)

Regular Articles

Extension of Operation Region for Steady State Operation on QUEST by Integrated Control with Hot Walls
Makoto HASEGAWA, Kazuaki HANADA, Naoaki YOSHIDA, Hiroshi IDEI, Takeshi IDO, Yoshihiko NAGASHIMA, Ryuya IKEZOE, Takumi ONCHI, Kengoh KURODA, Shoji KAWASAKI, Aki HIGASHIJIMA, Takahiro NAGATA, Shun SHIMABUKURO and Kazuo NAKAMURA
Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan
(Received 16 November 2020 / Accepted 24 January 2021 / Published 12 March 2021)


The controllability of particle supply during long-term discharge in a high-temperature environment was investigated at the Q-shu University Experiment with steady state spherical tokamak (QUEST). QUEST has a high-temperature wall capable of active heating and cooling as a plasma-facing wall. With this hot wall, a temperature rise test was conducted with 673 K as the target temperature. It was confirmed that the hot wall could maintain the temperature above 600 K. Feedback control of particle fueling was conducted to control Hα emission, which is closely related to influx to the wall. Using this particle fueling control and setting the hot wall temperature to 473 K, it was possible to obtain a discharge of more than 6 h. In this discharge, the fueling rate of particles decreased with time, and finally became zero, losing the particle fueling controllability. However, as soon as the cooling water started to flow through the hot wall, particles could be supplied again, and controllability was restored. Thus, indicating that temperature control of the plasma first wall is important even in the high-temperature environment of 473 K to control particle retention of the wall.


steady state operation, long pulse operation, high-temperature wall, spherical tokamak, particle fueling, temperature control, feedback control, QUEST

DOI: 10.1585/pfr.16.2402034


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