[Table of Contents]

Plasma and Fusion Research

Volume 3, S1012 (2008)

Regular Articles

Shear Formation by a Poloidal Chain of Magnetic Islands
Vasyl I. MASLOV and Franco PORCELLI1)
NSC Kharkov Institute of Physics and Technology, Kharkov 61108, Ukraine
Politecnico di Torino, Turin, Italy
(Received 21 November 2007 / Accepted 29 February 2008 / Published 20 August 2008)


We estimate the electron angular velocity shear ∂rωθo, which can be formed by plasma heating near the low-order rational surface with a poloidal chain of magnetic islands. We suppose that the plasma is heated sufficiently that its electrons start to miss the magnetic islands during their radial collisional shift and movement along the toroidal surface. This provides an ion volume charge in some regions of magnetic islands, which leads to shear formation. The time taken for shear formation is short. The conditions for magnetic island width leading to the shear are derived. It is shown that even narrow magnetic islands can lead to the shear. The shear can damp instabilities with a growth rate smaller than the ion cyclotron frequency. The spatial structures of convective vortical cells are described. We derive inverse dependences of the radial width of excited vortices on ∂rωθo and radial gradient of plasma density ∂rn0e. Amplitude of electron radial oscillations is smaller for larger ∂rωθo and ∂rn0e. These dependences promote a steep radial distribution of the plasma density and internal transport barrier.


internal transport barrier, angular velocity shear, magnetic island, vortex, rational surface, radial electric field

DOI: 10.1585/pfr.3.S1012


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This paper may be cited as follows:

Vasyl I. MASLOV and Franco PORCELLI, Plasma Fusion Res. 3, S1012 (2008).