Plasma and Fusion Research

Volume 16, 1402027 (2021)

Regular Articles

Investigation on Double-Pass Configurations for Thomson Scattering Measurements
Yi PENG, Akira EJIRI, Yuichi TAKASE, Naoto TSUJII, Osamu WATANABE, Kotaro IWASAKI, Yongtae KO, James Hamilton Palmer RICE, Yuki OSAWA, Go YATOMI, Iwao YAMADA, Takeshi IDO1), Yoshihiko NAGASHIMA1) and Kaori KONO1)
The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8561, Japan
Kyushu University, Kasuga 816-8580, Japan
(Received 31 August 2020 / Accepted 13 January 2021 / Published 12 March 2021)


Double-pass Thomson scattering is a simple and reliable scheme to measure two-directional (perpendicular and parallel) electron temperatures in plasmas. In this study, we configured a double-pass Thomson scattering configuration so that the laser beam passing through plasma is reflected by a mirror and passes through the plasma again to generate the second scattering light with a different scattering angle. To avoid direct re-entering of the beam to the laser, the reflected beam was tilted slightly. This study investigated the configuration in terms of the measurement performance and laser damage risk by the backward beam. Furthermore, this study clarified several requirements on the optical configuration and quantified the parameters' effects on the performance of the configuration. Through optimization procedures, three optimal configurations were figured out: (i) a simple configuration with two lenses and one mirror, but with a long distance from the laser to the plasma, (ii) another simple configuration that slightly breaks the requirement of sufficient deviation of the backward beam from the laser output, and (iii) a modified configuration with three lenses and one mirror.


Thomson scattering, double-pass, Gaussian beam, requirement of double-pass configuration, optimal double-pass configuration

DOI: 10.1585/pfr.16.1402027


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