Plasma and Fusion Research

Volume 14, 3405048 (2019)

Regular Articles

Neutronics Analyses for Shield Upgrading of the Compact Neutral Particle Analyzer for LHD Deuterium Plasma Experiments
Takeo NISHITANI1), Tetsuo OZAKI1), Kenji SAITO1), Shuji KAMIO1), Kunihiro OGAWA1,2), Mitsutaka ISOBE1,2) and Masaki OSAKABE1,2)
National Institute for Fusion Science, National Institutes of Natural Sciences, 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki 509-5292, Japan
SOKENDAI (The Graduate University for Advanced Studies), 322-6 Oroshi-cho, Toki 509-5292, Japan
(Received 18 December 2018 / Accepted 4 February 2019 / Published 10 April 2019)


The Compact Neutral Particle Analyzer (CNPA) is an E//B type neutral particle energy analyzer using permanent magnets. CNPA is installed on the diagnostic platform and connected to the outside horizontal port. Based on the preliminary shielding design, 15 cm thick borated polyethylene shields were installed before the fast deuterium plasma campaign. However, neutron induced noises could not be ignored in plasmas with the neutron emission rate higher than ∼1 × 1014 n/s. We carried out the detailed neutronics analyses for the original neutron shield by using the MCNP6 code, which takes into account the detailed structure. The neutron streaming from the beam inlet and the penetration of the bulk shield are approximately 60% and 40% contribution to the neutron flux at the detector array, respectively. Consequently, 5 cm borated polyethylene plates are added to the bulk shield and an extension shield of borated polyethylene cylinder shield with 20 cm in diameter and 35 cm in length is added around the beam inlet, where the neutron flux is expected to be 1.9 × 106 n/cm2⋅s at the detector array for the plasma with the neutron emission rate of 1.9 × 1016 n/s.


compact neutral particle analyzer, shielding design, MCNP, neutron streaming, deuterium plasma, LHD

DOI: 10.1585/pfr.14.3405048


  • [1] M. Osakabe et al. Fusion Sci. Technol. 72, 199 (2018).
  • [2] M. Osakabe et al., IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 46, 2324 (2018).
  • [3] T. Ozaki et al., Rev. Sci. Instrum. 79, 10E518 (2008).
  • [4] Ioffe institute, Neutral particle analyzer,
  • [5] D.B. Pelowits (Ed.), MCNP6 users Manual, LA-CP-13-00634, Los Alamos National Laboratory (2013).
  • [6] M.B. Chadwick et al., Nucl. Data Sheets 112, 2887 (2011).
  • [7] T. Nishitani et al., Fusion Eng. Des. 123, 1020 (2017).
  • [8] Y. Wu et al., Fusion Eng. Des. 84, 1987 (2009).
  • [9] T. Nishitani et al., forthcoming in Progress in Nucl Sci Technol.
  • [10] M. Isobe et al., IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 46, 2050 (2018).