Plasma and Fusion Research

Volume 14, 2402041 (2019)

Regular Articles

Collisional Merging of Field-Reversed Configurations in the FAT-CM Device Form Targets for the Excitation of Low-Frequency Waves
Akiyoshi HOSOZAWA, Tomohiko ASAI, Tsutomu TAKAHASHI, Junichi SEKIGUCHI, Kouji HIROHASHI, Sigefumi OKADA, Hiroshi GOTA1), Thomas ROCHE1), Michiaki INOMOTO2) and Toshiki TAKAHASHI3)
College of Science and Technology, Nihon University, Tokyo 101-8308, Japan
TAE Technologies, Inc., CA 92610, USA
Graduate School of Frontier Science, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa 277-8561, Japan
Graduate School of Engineering, Gunma University, Kiryu 376-8515, Japan
(Received 30 September 2018 / Accepted 8 January 2019 / Published 11 March 2019)


We have conducted collisional merging of field-reversed-configuration (FRC) plasmas in the FAT-CM (FRC Amplification via Translation–Collisional Merging) device to generate merged FRCs as targets for the excitation of low-frequency waves. Because of the high-beta nature of an FRC, the confining magnetic field is highest at the wall of the device and decreases toward a magnetic null inside the separatrix. We therefore find that the frequencies of the waves produced in this experiment must be lower than the ion cyclotron frequency or higher than the electron plasma frequency, because waves outside this band are reflected or resonant outside the separatrix of the FRC. We have therefore developed loop antennas and power supplies to apply low-frequency, oscillatory magnetic fields and have installed them in the FAT-CM device. The parameters characterizing the equilibrium phase of the merged FRC (lifetime ∼250 μs, radius ∼0.2 m, length ∼1.8 m, electron density ∼1.0 × 1020 m−3, and total temperature ∼100 eV) are sufficient to enable studies of the propagation of low-frequency waves in the core regions of FAT-CM FRCs. We have also performed an initial experiment in which an oscillatory magnetic field has been applied to a merged FRC.


compact toroid, field-reversed configuration, low-frequency wave heating

DOI: 10.1585/pfr.14.2402041


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