[Table of Contents]

Plasma and Fusion Research

Volume 5, S2008 (2010)

Regular Articles

Development of Advanced Tokamak Operation Scenarios in JT-60U and JT-60SA
Takahiro SUZUKI and the JT-60 Team
Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1, Mukoyama, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193, Japan
(Received 7 December 2009 / Accepted 9 March 2010 / Published 10 December 2010)


Integrated high performance was achieved in a wall-stabilized reversed shear plasma, and the high values of HH98(y,2) = 1.7, βN = 2.7, fGW = 0.87, fBS = 0.9, and fNI = 0.95 were simultaneously realized at the ITER/DEMO-relevant value of q95 = 5.3. The βN value achieved was above the no-wall βN limit of 1.9 and close to the ideal-wall βN limit of 2.9 in that discharge. The βN was limited by the appearance of the Resistive Wall Mode (RWM) when the toroidal rotation velocity at the q = 3 surface decreased to below the critical velocity. Another discharge realized a fully relaxed current profile at the high value of fBS = 0.5 in a fully non-inductive Current Drive (CD) condition at q95 = 5.8 through use of a lower-hybrid CD and Neutral Beam (NB) CDs with bootstrap current. Integration of operation scenarios to ensure steady-state high performance is a major mission with the JT-60SA. A DEMO-equivalent value of βN = 4.3 is being aimed at utilizing highly shaped configurations, closely-placed conducting walls, low ripple rates, and RWM control coils. Steady-state q profiles can be maintained using an off-axis CD resulting from a negative-ion based NB and bootstrap current for 60-100 s. An operation scenario that supports building up the Ip with less consumption of the magnetic flux is a key issue in the realization of a compact DEMO SlimCS. Fully non-inductive buildup of Ip and recharging of the Ohmic coil current were demonstrated utilizing the JT-60U. Development of an overall operation scenario from the buildup of the Ip to steady sustainment of a high performance plasma is an important challenge with the JT-60SA.


advanced tokamak, steady-state operation scenario, wall-stabilization, resistive wall mode, non-inductive current drive, bootstrap current, JT-60U, JT-60SA, ITER, DEMO

DOI: 10.1585/pfr.5.S2008


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This paper may be cited as follows:

Takahiro SUZUKI and the JT-60 Team, Plasma Fusion Res. 5, S2008 (2010).