Plasma and Fusion Research

Volume 11, 2401048 (2016)

Regular Articles

Reduction Rate of the MHD Potential Energy by a Toroidal Plasma Current Drive during Tokamak Plasma Formation with DCCS
Research Institute for Applied Mechanics, Kyushu University, 6-1 Kasuga-koen, Kasuga-shi, Fukuoka 816-8580, Japan
(Received 30 October 2015 / Accepted 11 March 2016 / Published 17 May 2016)


The reduction rate of the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) potential energy δWM is defined as the energy difference between the vacuum magnetic field energy before a tokamak plasma formation and the MHD potential energy of an equilibrium tokamak plasma. Stationary direct current in a central solenoidal coil (DCCS) can reduce δWM, which means a reduction of the required heat energy for the tokamak plasma formation. The increase of the hole component ration in a toroidal plasma current distribution increases the toroidal plasma current and the stored thermal energy without increase of the plasma size. For tokamak plasmas with DCCS = 100 A, δWM has a local minimum with respect to the toroidal plasma current distribution. In this state, a perturbation of the toroidal plasma current is energetically inhibited.


DCCS, expulsion of magnetic field energy, reduction rate of MHD potential energy

DOI: 10.1585/pfr.11.2401048


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