Plasma and Fusion Research

Volume 18, 1405071 (2023)

Regular Articles

Cold Removal of Inner-Outer and Outer Inter-Coil Structure Components for ITER TF Coils
National Institutes for Quantum Science and Technology, Naka 311-0193, Japan
Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Kobe, Japan
(Received 6 June 2023 / Accepted 7 July 2023 / Published 17 August 2023)


Insulated inter-coil structure components are installed to ITER TF coils to fix the aliment of the coils. In the cases of Intermediate Outer Intercoil Structures (IOIS) and Outer Intercoil Structures (OIS), custom machined sleeves (CMSs) with Al2O3 coating are installed in the holes of TF coil structure. The IOIS/ OIS CMSs are possibly stacked in the IOIS/ OIS holes during their cold installation, and surface of their Al2O3 coating would thermally contact with the IOIS/ OIS holes tightly. Thus we propose a method to remove the CMS without damaging its insulation. In the method, the IOIS/ OIS CMSs are removed by cooling with liquid nitrogen (cold removal). The gaps of the IOIS/ OIS CMSs and holes (Δ) are influenced by contact thermal resistance between them (Rct). Thus, in this study, we first numerically estimated the gap between the IOIS/ OIS CMSs and holes. Then, the cold removal was experimentally demonstrated with mock-ups of IOIS/ OIS holes and CMSs. In addition, an insulation test of the Al2O3 coating to confirm their soundness after the cold removal. It was numerically shown that Δ became > 57 μm, which was sufficiently large considering the manufacturing tolerance of IOIS/ OIS holes, even if Rct is 0. The experimental result showed that IOIS/ OIS CMSs were successfully removed from the IOIS/ OIS holes. Moreover, the insulation test demonstrated that the cold removal did not influence on the insulation resistance of the IOIS/ OIS CMSs.


ITER, toroidal filed coil, superconducting magnet, fusion magnet, inter-coil structure component

DOI: 10.1585/pfr.18.1405071


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