Plasma and Fusion Research

Volume 14, 3403152 (2019)

Regular Articles

Simulation Study of Neutral Beam Injection Heating in the HSX Plasma
Yuya MORISHITA, Sadayoshi MURAKAMI, Konstantin LIKIN1) and David T. ANDERSON1)
Kyoto University, Kyoto 615-8530, Japan
University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
(Received 10 January 2019 / Accepted 8 July 2019 / Published 25 September 2019)


The Neutral Beam Injection (NBI) heating efficiency for the Helically Symmetric Experiment (HSX) plasma is studied by applying two simulation codes: HFREYA and GNET. HFREYA is employed to evaluate the birth profiles of the fast ions by the NBI into the plasma. GNET is used to solve the five-dimensional drift kinetic equation for the beam ions and to evaluate the heat deposition to the ion and electron. We vary the beam energy (15 - 30 keV) and the injection angle of the neutral beam. We also study the effect of the charge exchange loss by neutral particles on the NBI heat deposition. As a result, we obtain heat efficiency of up to 30% with the proper injection angles with the charge exchange loss. On the contrary, the heat deposition rate becomes very small (approximately 1%) in the perpendicular injections case. This small value of the deposition rate is due to the complex orbits of the trapped beam ions. We also find that no clear difference can be seen in the heat depositions between the QHS and Mirror configurations. Furthermore, the heat depositions in the deuterium beam case are smaller than those in the hydrogen beam case.



DOI: 10.1585/pfr.14.3403152


  • [1] A.F. Almagri et al., IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 27, 114 (1999).
  • [2] S.P. Gerhardt et al., Phy. Rev. Lett. 94, 015002 (2005).
  • [3] J.M. Canik et al., Phy. Rev. Lett. 98, 085002 (2007).
  • [4] J.N. Talmadge et al., Plasma Fusion Res. 3, S1002 (2008).
  • [5] S. Murakami et al., Fusion Technol. 27, Suppl. S 256 (1995).
  • [6] S. Murakami et al., Nucl. Fusion 40, 693 (2000).
  • [7] S. Murakami et al., Nucl. Fusion 46, S425 (2006).
  • [8] H. Yamaguchi and S. Murakami, Plasma Fusion Res. 9, 3403127 (2014).
  • [9] H. Yamaguchi and S. Murakami, Plasma Fusion Res. 11, 2403094 (2016).
  • [10] M.H. Hughes and D.E. Post, J. Comput. Phys. 28, 43 (1978).