Plasma and Fusion Research

Volume 11, 2401014 (2016)

Regular Articles

Evaluation of Dark Current Profile for Prediction of Voltage Holding Capability on Multi-Aperture Multi-Grid Accelerator for ITER
Ryo NISHIKIORI, Atsushi KOJIMA, Masaya HANADA, Mieko KASHIWAGI, Kazuhiro WATANABE, Naotaka UMEDA, Hiroyuki TOBARI, Masafumi YOSHIDA, Masahiro ICHIKAWA, Junichi HIRATSUKA, Yasushi YAMANO1), Tetsuya OKURA1) and NB Heating Technology Group
Japan Atomic Energy Agency, 801-1 Mukoyama, Naka 311-0193, Japan
1)Saitama University, 255 Shimo-Okubo, Sakura-ku, Saitama 338-8570, Japan
(Received 30 November 2015 / Accepted 18 January 2016 / Published 4 March 2016)


Dark current analysis to estimate the current density of the field-emitted electrons have been developed for the prediction of the yoltage holding capability of multi-aperture multi-grid accelerators used in JT-60SA and ITER neutral beam injectors. From the experimental measurement of the field-emitted electrons in multi-aperture multi-grid accelerators, βEBD, which represent the critical current density to trigger the breakdown, were found to be constant with around 6 × 103 kV/mm regardless of the electric field profiles and the surface conditions in an accelerator with a surface area of 0.1 m2. In addition, the dark current was measured in the region with the electric field above ∼60% of the electric field at the breakdown, which leads to the determination of the emission region in the analytical estimation of the dark current. Furthermore, from the measurement of βEBD on electrodes with various surface area, βEBD was found to decreases with an increase of the surface area S (βEBD = 4 × 103S−0.3). From these results, the dark current profile at the critical current density can be estimated from the electric field analysis, which leads to the development of the breakdown model and the prediction of the voltage holding capability on the multi-aperture multi-grid accelerators.


ITER, MAMuG, neutral beam injector, voltage holding capability, breakdown, field-emitted electron, field enhancement factor, effective electric field, dark current

DOI: 10.1585/pfr.11.2401014


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