[Table of Contents]

Plasma and Fusion Research

Volume 7, 2403124 (2012)

Regular Articles

Current Profile Control for High Bootstrap Current Operation in ITER
Junji MANO, Kozo YAMAZAKI, Tetsutarou OISHI, Hideki ARIMOTO and Tatsuo SHOJI
Nagoya University, Furo-cho, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-8603, Japan
(Received 9 December 2011 / Accepted 2 July 2012 / Published 13 September 2012)


For the achievement of steady-state fusion power plant, non-inductively current-driven plasma operation should be maintained in tokamak fusion reactors. Total non-inductive current is a summation of bootstrap current proportional to the plasma pressure gradient and externally driven non-inductive current such as neutral beam driven current. Especially in order to establish a commercial reactor, it is necessary to reduce the amount of external current-drive power and to maintain the majority of the plasma current with bootstrap current. Burning plasma has high autonomy, so the change in current density profile including changes in particle and heat transports should be checked. In this study time-evolution analysis of the current density profile for burning plasmas in the ITER machine has been conducted by using 2.0-dimensional equilibrium, 1.5-dimensional-transport code (TOTAL code). Here current-diffusive ballooning mode model was adopted as a heat transport model. It is concluded that external current-drive is required both in the center and near the periphery of the plasma in order to maintain steady-state profiles of temperature and density with high bootstrap current fraction.


TOTAL code, bootstrap current, steady state, external current, current-diffusive ballooning mode

DOI: 10.1585/pfr.7.2403124


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This paper may be cited as follows:

Junji MANO, Kozo YAMAZAKI, Tetsutarou OISHI, Hideki ARIMOTO and Tatsuo SHOJI, Plasma Fusion Res. 7, 2403124 (2012).